Minimum Breed Standard Inspection Sheets

Head: Explanation of Checklist Data
Acute Wry face - severe contorted or twisted face > 5 degrees Twisted facial bones. When viewed from the front, there is lateral deviation of the frontal nose plate to the left or right. The lateral deviation cannot be > 5 degrees.
Very short, gopher, fused or Llama ears Gopher ears - only the base of the ear is formed. Fused ears - tip or the base of ear fused or joined together.
Congenital Blindness Blind at birth.
Jaw excessively undershot > 5mm Protrusion of teeth past the dental pad, shortened facial bones. Teeth will not wear normally & will affect eating.
Jaw excessively overshot – Parrot mouth > 5mm Protrusion of upper dental pad. Abnormally shortened jaw. Will affect eating.
Neck and Body:
Excessive curvation of the spine Scoliosis (crooked back) - when alpaca is viewed from the rear, there will be a lateral deviation/curvature of the spine.
Tail absent or deformed Absent tail means it has failed to grow. Deformed tail = permanent deviation from birth.
Limbs
Excessive angular Limb deformity Front legs, frontal view - the legs should be straight & strong. An imaginary line drawn from mid-point of shoulder should go through mid-point of knees, fetlock & between toes. Toes should point forward. Carpal varus = legs angle outwards at knee. Carpal valgus/knock-kneed = legs angle inwards at knee.Splayed = angular deformity of the fetlock, toes pointing outwards.Pigeon toed = angular deformity of fetlock, toes pointing inwards.
Please refer to Medicine & Surgery of South American Camelids by Murray E Fowler, Chapter 24, pg 517 for diagrams & photos of excessive angular limb deformities. Front legs, side view - the shoulder & elbow should have some angulation. The knee angle should be 180 degrees & the fetlock angle should be 190 degress. Calf-kneed = front legs bent backwards/carpus bowed backward at knee since knee at angle > 180 degrees.Buck-kneed = front legs bent forwards/carpus bowed forward at knee since knee angle < 180 degrees.Stance behind vertical in front limb side view = camped back in the front & in front of the vertical = camped forward in the front.Cocked pasterns = "ankle" too straight & upright since fetlock angle < 180 degrees.Dropped pasterns = "ankle" dropped down since fetlock angle > 240 degrees.
Rear legs, rear view - the legs should be straight & strong. An imaginary line drawn from mid-point of the hip should go through mid-point of the hock, fetlock & between toes. The toes should point forward. Cow hocked = poor anugulation of rear legs, inwards deviation at hocks.Hocks may rub together in severe cases.
Rear legs, side view - the stifle should have some angulation. The hock angle should be 145 degrees & the fetlock angle should be 145 degrees. The patellas should be stable. Cocked pasterns = "ankle" too straight & upright since fetlock angle < 180 degrees.Dropped pasterns = "ankle" dropped down since fetlock angle > 240 degrees.Sickle hocked = severe angulation of rear legs, causes animal to look down in the rump due to hock angle < 125 degrees.Post legged = abnormally straight back legs, hock angle > 145 degrees.Stance behind vertical in rear limb side view = camped back in the rear & in front of the vertical = camped forward in the rear. Luxating patella = dislocation of the kneecap at the joint in rear legs.
More than two toes on each foot or two fused toes Polydactyl - having more than 2 toes. Syndactyl - toes fused together.
Reproductive: Male
Abnormal genetalia ie. Hemaphroditism, lack of genetalia Hemaphroditism - having both male & female genitals. No more or less than 4 teats on a male.
Testicles abnormal Normal = male must have two testicles, both of which must be visible in the scrotum, of a firm consistency, equal in size & ideally for breeding purposes should be > 3.5cm in length & 2.5cm in width by the age of three years.
Blue Eyed Males It is suggested that blue eyed males be removed from the registry, regardless of the fibre colour. Some problems associated (all not yet proven) with blue eyed alpacas: deafness, infertility & perhaps even impaired vision. Suggested reading: Blue Eyed Whites by Dr Andrew Merriwether; Alpaca World Magazine article A Better Use for Blue-eyed Whites by Elizabeth Paul; Understanding Blue Eyes & BEW's by B Drake - really good explanation.
Reproductive: Female The vaginal opening is not near the vertical plane.
Abnormal position of vulva
Abnormal genetalia ie. Hemaphroditism, lack of genetalia Abnormal genetalia ie. Hemaphroditism, lack of genetalia
Fibre: Comparative Assessment Only
Handle: Coarse - Very Silky ( 1 - 20 ) Handle = how does the fibre feel when you touch or handle it? Coarse fibre will have a higher micron &/or an inconsistent variety of microns throughout the fleece & is not desirable. Silky fibre has a low micron & is consistently low in microns throughout the fleece, which is desirable.
Guard hair in blanket: A lot - Almost None ( 1 - 20 ) Guard Hair - The long, stiff, usually coarse fiber which projects from the fleece. Guard hair in the blanket is not desirable at all.
Fiber Density: Very open - very dense ( 1 - 20 ) Density refers to the no. of hair follicles per sq cm or inch of skin. Very dense is the best.
Crimp / Pencilling / Locks: non existent-excellent (1 - 20) Crimp (Huacaya) = A very evident organised or uniform waviness in an individual lock of fibre, lots of crimp when viewed either on the alpaca, or in the fleece sample is thought to be associated with fine fibre & is desirable. Pencilling/Locks (Suri) = the fibre of suris, when it gets long enough, forms locks that remind one of dreadlocks. There are many different types of locks in suris. Some may be wide and flat, with little twist, others can be very thin with lots of twist, and still others can have some curl to them. Whatever lock a suri alpaca has, it should be the same type of lock throughout the individual's fleece. In other words you should not have a mix of flat and fat with thin and tight. It is desirable to see that lock start to develop at the skin.
Sheen / Luster: non-existent - excellent ( 1 - 20 ) Sheen (Huacaya) = refers to the amount of light reflected from the fiber, whether a fleece is shiny or not, seen on parting the fibre, closer to the skin. High sheen is desirable. Luster (Suri) = The light reflective quality of fiber exhibited in shine and gloss. The luster makes the suri alpaca look silky or even wet. High luster is desirable.